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AAT Bioquest

Phalloidin-iFluor® 350 Conjugate

Fluorescence image of HeLa cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde then stained with Phalloidin-iFluor® 350 Conjugate (Cat#23110, Blue) and nuclei stain Nuclear Red™ DCS1 (Cat#17552, Red), respectively.  
Fluorescence image of HeLa cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde then stained with Phalloidin-iFluor® 350 Conjugate (Cat#23110, Blue) and nuclei stain Nuclear Red™ DCS1 (Cat#17552, Red), respectively.  
Fluorescence image of HeLa cells fixed with 4% formaldehyde then stained with Phalloidin-iFluor® 350 Conjugate (Cat#23110, Blue) and nuclei stain Nuclear Red™ DCS1 (Cat#17552, Red), respectively.  
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Telephone1-800-990-8053
Fax1-800-609-2943
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Physical properties
Molecular weight~1100
SolventDMSO
Spectral properties
Correction Factor (260 nm)0.83
Correction Factor (280 nm)0.23
Extinction coefficient (cm -1 M -1)200001
Excitation (nm)345
Emission (nm)450
Quantum yield0.951
Storage, safety and handling
H-phraseH301, H311, H331
Hazard symbolT
Intended useResearch Use Only (RUO)
R-phraseR23, R24, R25
StorageFreeze (< -15 °C); Minimize light exposure
UNSPSC12352200

OverviewpdfSDSpdfProtocol


Molecular weight
~1100
Correction Factor (260 nm)
0.83
Correction Factor (280 nm)
0.23
Extinction coefficient (cm -1 M -1)
200001
Excitation (nm)
345
Emission (nm)
450
Quantum yield
0.951
This blue fluorescent phalloidin conjugate (equivalent to Alexa Fluor® 350-labeled phalloidin) selectively binds to F-actins. Phalloidin derivatives are convenient probes used at nanomolar concentrations for labeling, identifying, and quantitating F-actins in formaldehyde-fixed and permeabilized tissue sections, cell cultures, or cell-free experiments. Phalloidin binds to actin filaments much more tightly than to actin monomers, leading to a decrease in the rate constant for the dissociation of actin subunits from filament ends, essentially stabilizing actin filaments through the prevention of filament depolymerization. Moreover, phalloidin is found to inhibit the ATP hydrolysis activity of F-actin. Phalloidin functions differently at various concentrations in cells. When introduced into the cytoplasm at low concentrations, phalloidin recruits the less polymerized forms of cytoplasmic actin and filamin into stable "islands" of aggregated actin polymers. Yet, it does not interfere with stress fibers, i.e., thick bundles of microfilaments. The property of phalloidin is a valuable tool for investigating the distribution of F-actin in cells by labeling phalloidin with fluorescent analogs and using them to stain actin filaments for light microscopy. Fluorescent derivatives of phalloidin have been enormously helpful in localizing actin filaments in living or fixed cells and visualizing individual actin filaments in vitro. Fluorescent phalloidin derivatives have been used as an important tool in studying actin networks at high resolution. AAT Bioquest offers a variety of fluorescent phalloidin derivatives with different colors for multicolor imaging applications.

Example protocol


AT A GLANCE

Protocol Summary
  1. Prepare samples in microplate wells
  2. Remove liquid from samples in the plate
  3. Add Phalloidin-iFluor™ 350 Conjugate solution (100 μL/well)
  4. Stain the cells at room temperature for 20 to 90 minutes
  5. Wash the cells
  6. Examine the specimen under microscope with DAPI filter 
Important      Warm the vial to room temperature and centrifuge briefly before opening.

Storage and Handling Conditions
The solution should be stable for at least 6 months if store at -20 °C. Protect the fluorescent conjugates from light, and avoid freeze/thaw cycles.
Note     Phalloidin is toxic, although the amount of toxin present in a vial could be lethal only to a mosquito (LD50 of phalloidin = 2 mg/kg), it should be handled with care.

PREPARATION OF WORKING SOLUTION

Phalloidin-iFluor™ 350 Conjugate working solution
Add 1 µL of Phalloidin-iFluor™ 350 Conjugate solution to 1 mL of PBS with 1% BSA.
Note     The stock solution of phalloidin conjugate should be aliquoted and stored at -20 °C. protected from light.
Note     Different cell types might be stained differently. The concentration of phalloidin conjugate working solution should be prepared accordingly.

SAMPLE EXPERIMENTAL PROTOCOL

Stain the cells
  1. Perform formaldehyde fixation. Incubate cells with 3.0–4.0 % formaldehyde in PBS at room temperature for 10–30 minutes.
    Note     Avoid any methanol containing fixatives since methanol can disrupt actin during the fixation process. The preferred fixative is methanol-free formaldehyde.
  2. Rinse the fixed cells 2–3 times in PBS.
  3. Optional: Add 0.1% Triton X-100 in PBS into fixed cells for 3 to 5 minutes to increase permeability. Rinse the cells 2–3 times in PBS.
  4. Add 100 μL/well (96-well plate) of Phalloidin-iFluor™ 350 Conjugate working solution into the fixed cells, and stain the cells at room temperature for 20 to 90 minutes.
  5. Rinse cells gently with PBS 2 to 3 times to remove excess phalloidin conjugate before plating, sealing and imaging under microscope with DAPI filter set. 

Spectrum


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spectrum

Spectral properties

Correction Factor (260 nm)0.83
Correction Factor (280 nm)0.23
Extinction coefficient (cm -1 M -1)200001
Excitation (nm)345
Emission (nm)450
Quantum yield0.951

Product Family


NameExcitation (nm)Emission (nm)Extinction coefficient (cm -1 M -1)Quantum yieldCorrection Factor (260 nm)Correction Factor (280 nm)
Phalloidin-iFluor® 405 Conjugate4034273700010.9110.480.77
Phalloidin-iFluor® 488 Conjugate4915167500010.910.210.11
Phalloidin-iFluor® 514 Conjugate5115277500010.8310.2650.116
Phalloidin-iFluor® 532 Conjugate5375609000010.6810.260.16
Phalloidin-iFluor® 555 Conjugate55757010000010.6410.230.14
Phalloidin-iFluor® 594 Conjugate58860418000010.5310.050.04
Phalloidin-iFluor® 633 Conjugate64065425000010.2910.0620.044
Phalloidin-iFluor® 647 Conjugate65667025000010.2510.030.03
Phalloidin-iFluor® 680 Conjugate68470122000010.2310.0970.094
Phalloidin-iFluor® 700 Conjugate69071322000010.2310.090.04
Phalloidin-iFluor® 750 Conjugate75777927500010.1210.0440.039
Phalloidin-iFluor® 790 Conjugate78781225000010.1310.10.09
iFluor® 350-streptavidin conjugate3454502000010.9510.830.23
Show More (4)

Images


Citations


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Journal: Advanced Healthcare Materials (2022): 2201471
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Authors: Yoshikawa, Yoshihiro and Tamura, Atsushi and Tsuda, Susumu and Domae, Eisuke and Zhang, Shunyao and Yui, Nobuhiko and Ikeo, Takashi and Yoshizawa, Tatsuya
Journal: Dental Materials Journal (2022): 2021--331
Synthetic Collagen-like Polymer That Undergoes a Sol--Gel Transition Triggered by O--N Acyl Migration at Physiological pH
Authors: Ichise, Shinichiro F and Koide, Takaki
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Cellular mechanisms of oligoclonal vascular smooth muscle cell expansion in cardiovascular disease.
Authors: Worssam, Matt D and Lambert, Jordi and Oc, Sebnem and Taylor, James CK and Taylor, Annabel L and Dobnikar, Lina and Chappell, Joel and Harman, Jennifer L and Figg, Nichola L and Finigan, Alison and others,
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Authors: Xiong, Kun and Fan, Qingbo and Wu, Tingting and Shi, Haishan and Chen, Lin and Yan, Minhao
Journal: Materials Science and Engineering: C (2017)
Cell-Permeable, MMP-2 Activatable, Nickel Ferrite and His-tagged Fusion Protein Self-Assembled Fluorescent Nanoprobe for Tumor Magnetic Targeting and Imaging
Authors: Sun, Lu and Xie, Shuping and Qi, Jing and Liu, Ergang and Liu, Di and Liu, Quan and Chen, Sunhui and He, Huining and Yang, Victor C
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The correlation between osteopontin adsorption and cell adhesion to mixed self-assembled monolayers of varying charges and wettability
Authors: Hao, Lijing and Li, Tianjie and Yang, Fan and Zhao, Naru and Cui, Fuzhai and Shi, Xuetao and Du, Chang and Wang, Yingjun
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Journal: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter (2017)

References


View all 127 references: Citation Explorer
Improved penile histology by phalloidin stain: circular and longitudinal cavernous smooth muscles, dual-endothelium arteries, and erectile dysfunction-associated changes
Authors: Lin G, Qiu X, F and el TM, Albersen M, Wang Z, Lue TF, Lin CS.
Journal: Urology (2011): 970 e1
Phalloidin perturbs the interaction of human non-muscle myosin isoforms 2A and 2C1 with F-actin
Authors: Diensthuber RP, Muller M, Heissler SM, Taft MH, Chizhov I, Manstein DJ.
Journal: FEBS Lett (2011): 767
pH-(low)-insertion-peptide (pHLIP) translocation of membrane impermeable phalloidin toxin inhibits cancer cell proliferation
Authors: An M, Wijesinghe D, Andreev OA, Reshetnyak YK, Engelman DM.
Journal: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A (2010): 20246
Labeling cytoskeletal F-actin with rhodamine phalloidin or fluorescein phalloidin for imaging
Authors: Chazotte B., undefined
Journal: Cold Spring Harb Protoc (2010): pdb prot4947
Protective effect of bile acid derivatives in phalloidin-induced rat liver toxicity
Authors: Herraez E, Macias RI, Vazquez-Tato J, Hierro C, Monte MJ, Marin JJ.
Journal: Toxicol Appl Pharmacol (2009): 21
Effect of Phalloidin on Filaments Polymerized from Heart Muscle Adp-Actin Monomers
Authors: Vig A, Dudas R, Kupi T, Orban J, Hild G, Lorinczy D, Nyitrai M.
Journal: J Therm Anal Calorim (2009): 721
In vitro inhibition of OATP-mediated uptake of phalloidin using bile acid derivatives
Authors: Herraez E, Macias RI, Vazquez-Tato J, Vicens M, Monte MJ, Marin JJ.
Journal: Toxicol Appl Pharmacol (2009): 13
Processing of the phalloidin proprotein by prolyl oligopeptidase from the mushroom Conocybe albipes
Authors: Luo H, Hallen-Adams HE, Walton JD.
Journal: J Biol Chem (2009): 18070
Pygmy squids and giant brains: mapping the complex cephalopod CNS by phalloidin staining of vibratome sections and whole-mount preparations
Authors: Wollesen T, Loesel R, Wanninger A.
Journal: J Neurosci Methods (2009): 63
Anti-acetylated tubulin antibody staining and phalloidin staining in the starlet sea anemone Nematostella vectensis
Authors: Genikhovich G, Technau U.
Journal: Cold Spring Harb Protoc (2009): pdb prot5283