Amplite® Rapid Colorimetric Maleimide Quantitation Kit
|Shipping||Standard overnight for United States, inquire for international|
|H-phrase||H303, H313, H333|
|Intended use||Research Use Only (RUO)|
|R-phrase||R20, R21, R22|
Absorbance microplate reader
|Absorbance||900 nm to 250 nm|
|Recommended plate||Clear bottom|
AT A GLANCE
Upon receipt, store Maleimide Blue™ (Component A) at -20°C (prefer at -80°C), kept from light and moisture. When stored properly, the kit components should be stable for six months. Do not freeze Spin Column (Component C). Warm all the components before run the required assays. 50 to 100 µg maleimide-linked antibody or protein sample is needed for determining the amount of maleimide.
SAMPLE EXPERIMENTAL PROTOCOL
Prepare sample solution:
- Use 50 to 100 µg maleimide sample (protein or other polymers).
- Adjust the volume to 100 µL with Assay Buffer (Component B). Note: The maleimide-linked antibody or protein sample should be in pH = 6.0 buffer and without free maleimide.
Run Maleimide Assay:
- Add the maleimide sample to one vial of Maleimide Blue™ (Component A).
- Mix them well by repeatedly pipetting for a few times or vortex the vial for a few seconds.
- Keep the reaction mixture at room temperature and rotate or shake for 30 - 60 minutes.
Prepare Spin Column for Sample Purification:
- Invert the Spin Column (Component C) several times to resuspend the settled gel and remove any bubbles.
- Snap off the tip and place the column in the Washing Tube (2 mL, Component D). Remove the cap to allow the excess packing buffer to drain by gravity to the top of the gel bed. If column does not begin to flow, push cap back into column and remove it again to start the flow. Discard the drained buffer, and then place the column back into the Washing Tube. However, centrifuge immediately if the column is placed into a 12 x 75 mm test tube (not provided).
- Centrifuge for 1 min in a swinging bucket centrifuge at 1,000 x g (see Centrifugation Notes section) to remove the packing buffer. Discard the buffer.
- Apply 1 mL Assay Buffer (Component B) to the column, let the buffer drain out by gravity, or centrifuge the column for 1 min to remove the buffer. Discard the buffer from the collection tube. Repeat this process for 3 - 4 times.
- Centrifuge for 2 minutes in a swinging bucket centrifuge at 1,000 x g (see Centrifugation Notes section) to remove the reaction buffer. Discard the buffer. Note: Spin Column (Component C) can fit into 2 mL microcentrifuge tubes or 12 x 75 mm test tubes for sample collection during centrifugation. Use the 2 mL microtubes provided with the columns for the initial column equilibration step. Note: Swinging bucket centrifuges capable of generating a minimum force of 1,000 x g are suitable for Bio-Spin column use. The gravitational force created at a particular revolution speed is a function of the radius of the microcentrifuge rotor. Consult the swinging bucket centrifuge instruction manual for the information about conversion from revolutions per minute (RPM) to centrifugal or g-force. Alternatively, use the equation to calculate the speed in RPM required to reach the gravitational force of 1,000 x g.
RCF(g) = (1.12 x 10-5) X (RPM)2 x r
RCF = the relative centrifugal force
RPM = the speed of the rotor
r = the radius in centimeters measured from the center of the rotor to the middle of the Bio-Spin column
Purify Malemide Reaction Product:
- Place the column in a clean Collecting Tube (1.5 mL, Component E). Carefully load the sample (100 µL) directly to the center of the column.
- After loading the sample, add 10 µL Assay Buffer (Component B) to the top and centrifuge the column for 5 min at 1,000 x g, and collect the solution into the collecting tube.
Run Absorption Spectra with 0.2mL or 0.5 mL Quartz Cuvette:
- Dilute the maleimide reaction product by 5 - 10 folds with Assay Buffer (Component B) depending on the cuvette size used and the absorbance reading. The dilution factor doesn’t affect the final maleimide quantitation result.
- Measure the absorption spectrum from 900 nm to 250 nm range, or only read the absorbance number at 280 nm and 782 nm.
Authors: Yu, Weili and Hu, Tao
Journal: Molecular Pharmaceutics (2016)
Authors: Hattori, Tatsuya and Nakashima, Kenta and Marutani, Takayuki and Kiso, Yoshiaki and Nishi, Yoshisuke and Mukai, Hidehito
Journal: Biochemical and biophysical research communications (2015): 54--59
Authors: Liao, Jinfang and Guo, Haitao and Luo, Zhen and Zhao, Qin and Diwu, Jack
Journal: The Journal of Immunology (2015): 206--7
Authors: Zhang, Tingting and Yu, Weili and Wang, Yanfei and Hu, Tao
Journal: Vaccine (2015): 3208--3214
Authors: Huang, Qingrui and Li, Dongxia and Kang, Aijun and An, Wenqi and Fan, Bei and Ma, Xiaowei and Ma, Guanghui and Su, Zhiguo and Hu, Tao
Journal: Journal of Controlled Release (2013): 382--389
Authors: Swaminathan, Suresh Kumar and Roger, Emilie and Toti, Udaya and Niu, Lin and Ohlfest, John R and Panyam, Jayanth
Journal: Journal of Controlled Release (2013): 280--287
Authors: Natarajan A, Xiong CY, Albrecht H, DeNardo GL, DeNardo SJ.
Journal: Bioconjug Chem (2005): 113
Authors: Chowdhury SM, Munske GR, Siems WF, Bruce JE.
Journal: Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom (2005): 899
Authors: Dale GL, Remenyi G, Friese P.
Journal: J Thromb Haemost (2005): 2081
Authors: Chen J, Lu Z, Lawrence TS, Smith DE.
Journal: J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci (2005): 161
Authors: Li J, Xu Q, Cortes DM, Perozo E, Laskey A, Karlin A.
Journal: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A (2002): 11605
Authors: Manalo DJ, Liu AY.
Journal: J Biol Chem (2001): 23554
Authors: Heldermon CD, Tlapak-Simmons VL, Baggenstoss BA, Weigel PH.
Journal: Glycobiology (2001): 1017
Authors: Krauss S, Br and MD., undefined
Journal: Faseb J (2000): 2581
Authors: Tsikas D, S and mann J, Holzberg D, Pantazis P, Raida M, Frolich JC.
Journal: Anal Biochem (1999): 32
Authors: Viner RI, Williams TD, Schoneich C.
Journal: Biochemistry (1999): 12408