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Biotin PEG2 succinimidyl ester

Chemical structure for Biotin PEG2 succinimidyl ester
Chemical structure for Biotin PEG2 succinimidyl ester
Ordering information
Price ()
Catalog Number3016
Unit Size
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Telephone1-408-733-1055
Fax1-408-733-1304
Emailsales@aatbio.com
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ShippingStandard overnight for United States, inquire for international
Physical properties
Molecular weight500.60
SolventDMSO
Storage, safety and handling
H-phraseH303, H313, H333
Hazard symbolXN
Intended useResearch Use Only (RUO)
R-phraseR20, R21, R22
StorageFreeze (< -15 °C)
UNSPSC12352200
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OverviewpdfSDSpdfProtocol


CAS
596820-83-6
Molecular weight
500.60
This amine-reactive biotin derivative contains a long arm (~20 angstrom) to increase its avidin-binding affinity. It is widely used to label a variety of biological molecules and samples. Red cells are labeled with this spacered biotin, and the labeled cells can be detected in small blood samples (5 ?L) with flow cytometry. Improved labeling efficiency and binding affinity allows an easy detection of positive red cells.

Example protocol


PREPARATION OF STOCK SOLUTIONS

Unless otherwise noted, all unused stock solutions should be divided into single-use aliquots and stored at -20 °C after preparation. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

1. Protein stock solution (Solution A)
Mix 100 µL of a reaction buffer (e.g., 1 M  sodium carbonate solution or 1 M phosphate buffer with pH ~9.0) with 900 µL of the target protein solution (e.g. antibody, protein concentration >2 mg/mL if possible) to give 1 mL protein labeling stock solution. Note: The pH of the protein solution (Solution A) should be 8.5 ± 0.5. If the pH of the protein solution is lower than 8.0, adjust the pH to the range of 8.0-9.0 using 1 M  sodium bicarbonate solution or 1 M pH 9.0 phosphate buffer. Note: The protein should be dissolved in 1X phosphate buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.2-7.4. If the protein is dissolved in Tris or glycine buffer, it must be dialyzed against 1X PBS, pH 7.2-7.4, to remove free amines or ammonium salts (such as ammonium sulfate and ammonium acetate) that are widely used for protein precipitation. Note: Impure antibodies or antibodies stabilized with bovine serum albumin (BSA) or gelatin will not be labeled well. The presence of sodium azide or thimerosal might also interfere with the conjugation reaction. Sodium azide or thimerosal can be removed by dialysis or spin column for optimal labeling results. Note: The conjugation efficiency is significantly reduced if the protein concentration is less than 2 mg/mL. For optimal labeling efficiency the final protein concentration range of 2-10 mg/mL is recommended.

2. Biotin-PEG2 succinimidyl ester stock solution (Solution B)
Add anhydrous DMSO into the vial of Biotin-PEG2 succinimidyl ester to make a 10 mM stock solution. Mix well by pipetting or vortex. Note: Prepare the Biotin-PEG2 succinimidyl ester (Solution B) before starting the conjugation. Use promptly. Extended storage of the Biotin-PEG2 succinimidyl ester stock solution may reduce its activity. Solution B can be stored in freezer for two weeks when kept from light and moisture. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.

SAMPLE EXPERIMENTAL PROTOCOL

This labeling protocol was developed for the conjugate of Goat anti-mouse IgG with Biotin-PEG2 succinimidyl ester. You might need further optimization for your particular proteins. Note: Each protein requires distinct Biotin-PEG2/protein ratio, which also depends on the properties of Biotin-PEG2. Over labeling of a protein could detrimentally affects its binding affinity while the protein conjugates of low Biotin-PEG2/protein ratio gives reduced sensitivity.

Run conjugation reaction
  1. Use 10:1 molar ratio of Solution B (Biotin-PEG2)/Solution A (protein) as the starting point:  Add 5 µL of the Biotin-PEG2 stock solution (Solution B, assuming the Biotin-PEG2 stock solution is 10 mM) into the vial of the protein solution (95 µL of Solution A) with effective shaking. The concentration of the protein is ~0.05 mM assuming the protein concentration is 10 mg/mL and the molecular weight of the protein is ~200KD. Note: We recommend to use 10:1 molar ratio of Solution B (Biotin-PEG2)/Solution A (protein). If it is too less or too high, determine the optimal Biotin-PEG2/protein ratio at 5:1, 15:1 and 20:1 respectively.
  2. Continue to rotate or shake the reaction mixture at room temperature for 30-60 minutes. 

Purify the conjugation
The following protocol is an example of dye-protein conjugate purification by using a Sephadex G-25 column.
  1. Prepare Sephadex G-25 column according to the manufacture instruction.
  2. Load the reaction mixture (From "Run conjugation reaction") to the top of the Sephadex G-25 column.
  3. Add PBS (pH 7.2-7.4) as soon as the sample runs just below the top resin surface.
  4. Add more PBS (pH 7.2-7.4) to the desired sample to complete the column purification. Combine the fractions that contain the desired Biotin-PEG2-protein conjugate. Note: For immediate use, the Biotin-PEG2-protein conjugate need be diluted with staining buffer, and aliquoted for multiple uses. Note: For longer term storage, Biotin-PEG2-protein conjugate solution need be concentrated or freeze dried. 

Calculators


Common stock solution preparation

Table 1. Volume of DMSO needed to reconstitute specific mass of Biotin PEG2 succinimidyl ester to given concentration. Note that volume is only for preparing stock solution. Refer to sample experimental protocol for appropriate experimental/physiological buffers.

0.1 mg0.5 mg1 mg5 mg10 mg
1 mM199.76 µL998.801 µL1.998 mL9.988 mL19.976 mL
5 mM39.952 µL199.76 µL399.521 µL1.998 mL3.995 mL
10 mM19.976 µL99.88 µL199.76 µL998.801 µL1.998 mL

Molarity calculator

Enter any two values (mass, volume, concentration) to calculate the third.

Mass (Calculate)Molecular weightVolume (Calculate)Concentration (Calculate)Moles
/=x=

Citations


View all 3 citations: Citation Explorer
A low-cost, high-performance system for fluorescence lateral flow assays
Authors: Lee, Linda G and Nordman, Eric S and Johnson, Martin D and Oldham, Mark F
Journal: Biosensors (2013): 360--373
Implementation of P22 viral capsids as nanoplatforms
Authors: Kang, Sebyung and Uchida, Masaki and O'Neil, Alison and Li, Rui and Prevelige, Peter E and Douglas, Trevor
Journal: Biomacromolecules (2010): 2804--2809
Calcium-dependent activation of transglutaminase 2 by nanosecond pulsed electric fields
Authors: Morotomi-Yano, Keiko and Yano, Ken-ichi
Journal: FEBS Open Bio

References


View all 78 references: Citation Explorer
Evaluation of a new biotin-DOTA conjugate for pretargeted antibody-guided radioimmunotherapy (PAGRIT((R)))
Authors: Urbano N, Papi S, Ginanneschi M, De Santis R, Pace S, Lindstedt R, Ferrari L, Choi S, Paganelli G, Chinol M.
Journal: Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. (2006)
A biotin-protein bond with stability in plasma
Authors: Bogusiewicz A, Mock NI, Mock DM.
Journal: Anal Biochem (2005): 98
Instability of the biotin-protein bond in human plasma
Authors: Bogusiewicz A, Mock NI, Mock DM.
Journal: Anal Biochem (2004): 156
Design, synthesis, and evaluation of 5'-S-aminoethyl-N(6)- azidobenzyl-5'-thioadenosine biotin conjugate: a bifunctional photoaffinity probe for the es nucleoside transporter
Authors: Addo JK, Buolamwini JK.
Journal: Bioconjug Chem (2004): 536
Biotin is endogenously expressed in select regions of the rat central nervous system
Authors: McKay BE, Molineux ML, Turner RW.
Journal: J Comp Neurol (2004): 86
Probing the interaction of the biotin-avidin complex with the relaxivity of biotinylated Gd-DTPA
Authors: Langereis S, Kooistra HA, van Genderen MH, Meijer EW.
Journal: Org Biomol Chem (2004): 1271
Immunoassay of total prostate-specific antigen using europium(III) nanoparticle labels and streptavidin-biotin technology
Authors: Huhtinen P, Soukka T, Lovgren T, Harma H.
Journal: J Immunol Methods (2004): 111
Volume of RBCs, 24- and 48-hour posttransfusion survivals, and the lifespan of (51)Cr and biotin-X-N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS)-labeled autologous baboon RBCs: effect of the anticoagulant and blood pH on (51)Cr and biotin-X-NHS elution in vivo
Authors: Valeri CR, Pivacek LE, Cassidy GP, Ragno G.
Journal: Transfusion (2002): 343
Endogenous biotin staining in a subset of spinal neuronal cell bodies: a potential confounding factor for neuroanatomical studies
Authors: Berkowitz A., undefined
Journal: Brain Res (2002): 98
End-labeling of long DNA fragments with biotin and detection of DNA immobilized on magnetic beads
Authors: Xu H, Zhang S, Liu D, Liang CC.
Journal: Mol Biotechnol (2001): 183