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AAT Bioquest

BTC, AM *CAS 176767-94-5*

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Physical properties
Dissociation constant (Kd, nM)7000
Molecular weight979.92
SolventDMSO
Storage, safety and handling
H-phraseH303, H313, H333
Hazard symbolXN
Intended useResearch Use Only (RUO)
R-phraseR20, R21, R22
StorageFreeze (< -15 °C); Minimize light exposure
UNSPSC12352200

OverviewpdfSDSpdfProtocol


CAS
176767-94-5
Molecular weight
979.92
Dissociation constant (Kd, nM)
7000
This cell-permeant coumarin Ca2+ indicator BTC, AM exhibits a shift in excitation maximum from about 480 nm to 400 nm upon binding Ca2+, enabling ratiometric calcium measurements. Due to its high selectivity and low affinity for Ca2+ (Kd ~7 uM) BTC is often used for the quantitation of high intracellular Ca2+levels. In addition, BTC, AM has also been used for monitoring potassium channel since thallium ion enhances the fluorescence of BTC.

Platform


Fluorescence microscope

ExcitationFITC filter set
EmissionFITC filter set
Recommended plateBlack wall/clear bottom

Fluorescence microplate reader

Excitation400, 480
Emission540
Cutoff515
Recommended plateBlack wall/clear bottom
Instrument specification(s)Bottom read mode

Example protocol


PREPARATION OF STOCK SOLUTIONS

Unless otherwise noted, all unused stock solutions should be divided into single-use aliquots and stored at -20 °C after preparation. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

BTC AM Stock Solution
Prepare a 2 to 5 mM stock solution of BTC AM in high-quality, anhydrous DMSO.

PREPARATION OF WORKING SOLUTION

BTC AM Working Solution
On the day of the experiment, either dissolve BTC AM in DMSO or thaw an aliquot of the indicator stock solution to room temperature. Prepare a dye working solution of 2 to 20 µM in a buffer of your choice (e.g., Hanks and Hepes buffer) with 0.04% Pluronic® F-127. For most cell lines, BTC AM at a final concentration of 4 to 5 μM is recommended. The exact concentration of indicators required for cell loading must be determined empirically.
Note     The nonionic detergent Pluronic® F-127 is sometimes used to increase the aqueous solubility of BTC AM. A variety of Pluronic® F-127 solutions can be purchased from AAT Bioquest.
Note     If your cells contain organic anion-transporters, probenecid (1-2 mM) may be added to the dye working solution (final in well concentration will be 0.5-1 mM) to reduce leakage of the de-esterified indicators. A variety of ReadiUse™ probenecid products, including water-soluble, sodium salt, and stabilized solution, can be purchased from AAT Bioquest.

SAMPLE EXPERIMENTAL PROTOCOL

Following is our recommended protocol for loading AM esters into live cells. This protocol only provides a guideline and should be modified according to your specific needs.
  1. Prepare cells in growth medium overnight.
  2. On the next day, add 1X BTC AM working solution into your cell plate.
    Note     If your compound(s) interfere with the serum, replace the growth medium with fresh HHBS buffer before dye-loading.
  3. Incubate the dye-loaded plate in a cell incubator at 37 °C for 30 to 60 minutes.
    Note     Incubating the dye for longer than 1 hour can improve signal intensities in certain cell lines.
  4. Replace the dye working solution with HHBS or buffer of your choice (containing an anion transporter inhibitor, such as 1 mM probenecid, if applicable) to remove any excess probes.
  5. Add the stimulant as desired and simultaneously measure fluorescence using either a fluorescence microscope equipped with a FITC filter set or a fluorescence plate reader containing a programmable liquid handling system such as a FlexStation, at Ex/Em1 = 400/540 nm cutoff 515 nm and Ex/Em2 = 480/540 nm cutoff 515 nm. 

Calculators


Common stock solution preparation

Table 1. Volume of DMSO needed to reconstitute specific mass of BTC, AM *CAS 176767-94-5* to given concentration. Note that volume is only for preparing stock solution. Refer to sample experimental protocol for appropriate experimental/physiological buffers.

0.1 mg0.5 mg1 mg5 mg10 mg
1 mM102.049 µL510.246 µL1.02 mL5.102 mL10.205 mL
5 mM20.41 µL102.049 µL204.098 µL1.02 mL2.041 mL
10 mM10.205 µL51.025 µL102.049 µL510.246 µL1.02 mL

Molarity calculator

Enter any two values (mass, volume, concentration) to calculate the third.

Mass (Calculate)Molecular weightVolume (Calculate)Concentration (Calculate)Moles
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References


View all 1 references: Citation Explorer
Ionic selectivity of low-affinity ratiometric calcium indicators: mag-Fura-2, Fura-2FF and BTC
Authors: Hyrc KL, Bownik JM, Goldberg MP.
Journal: Cell Calcium (2000): 75