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Cal-520®, AM

ATP-stimulated calcium responses of endogenous P2Y receptor in CHO-K1 cells incubated with Cal-520™ AM (red curve), or Fluo-4 AM (blue curve) respectively with (left) or without probenecid (right) under the same conditions. CHO-K1 cells were seeded overnight at 50,000 cells per 100 µL per well in a Costar black wall/clear bottom 96-well plate. 100 µL of 5 µM Fluo-4 AM or Cal 520™ AM in HHBS (with or without probenecid) was added into the cells, and the cells were incubated at 37 °C for 1 hour. ATP (50 μL/well) was added using FlexSation to achieve the final indicated concentrations.
ATP-stimulated calcium responses of endogenous P2Y receptor in CHO-K1 cells incubated with Cal-520™ AM (red curve), or Fluo-4 AM (blue curve) respectively with (left) or without probenecid (right) under the same conditions. CHO-K1 cells were seeded overnight at 50,000 cells per 100 µL per well in a Costar black wall/clear bottom 96-well plate. 100 µL of 5 µM Fluo-4 AM or Cal 520™ AM in HHBS (with or without probenecid) was added into the cells, and the cells were incubated at 37 °C for 1 hour. ATP (50 μL/well) was added using FlexSation to achieve the final indicated concentrations.
Response of endogenous P2Y receptor to ATP in CHO-K cells. CHO-K cells were seeded overnight at 40,000 cells per 100 µL per well in a 96-well black wall/clear bottom costar plate. 100 µl of 4 µM Cal 520 ™ AM in HHBS with 1 mM probenecid were added into the wells, and the cells were incubated at 37 °C for 1 hour. The dye loading mediums were replaced with 100 µl HHBS and 1 mM probenecid , then imaged with a fluorescence microscope (Olympus IX71) using FITC channel before and after adding 50 µl of 300 µM ATP .
Two-photon calcium responses to tonal stimuli recorded at 140 ms intervals.<strong> </strong>Averaged traces (mean and S.E.M.) of ∆F/F0 in 44 neurons stained with Cal-520 AM. The red trace represents responses to 20 kHz stimuli lasting for 7s, and the blue trace shows responses to 20 kHz stimuli lasting for 1s in the same neurons. The off-responses to stimuli lasting for 7 s were significantly larger than the on-responses to stimuli lasting for 1 s (P<0.0001). Source: <strong>Auditory cortical field coding long-lasting tonal offsets in mice</strong> by Baba et al., <em>Scientific Reports</em>, Sep. 2016.
Functional sperm analysis. (a) Tracks for freely swimming wildtype Prm2+/+ and heterozygous Prm2+/− sperm. (b) Flagellar waveform. Sperm were tethered with their heads to a glass surface and the flagellar waveform was analyzed. One beat cycle was projected. Scale bar: 10 μm. (c) Changes in the intracellular Ca<sup>2+</sup> concentration in Prm2+/+, Prm2+/−, and Prm2−/− sperm. Sperm have been loaded with Cal520-AM and stimulated with K8.6 (blue), 10 mM 8-Br-cAMP (red), 10 mM NH4Cl (green), or 2 μM ionomycin (light blue). Experiments have been measured using the stopped-flow technique. (d) Loading of sperm with Cal520-AM. Loading of Prm2+/−, and Prm2−/− sperm was tested using fluorescence microscopy. Scale bar = 20 μm. Source: <strong>Re-visiting the Protamine-2 locus: deletion, but not haploinsufficiency, renders male mice infertile</strong> by Schneider et al., <em>Scientific Reports</em>, Nov. 2016.
Selectivity of V1 neurons. A) Neurons stained with Cal-520 but not with SR-101 in the V1 of a wild-type mouse (left) and a Pcdhα1,12 mouse (right). The image was obtained using a two-photon microscope. B) Sample traces of neuronal calcium responses to moving grating patterns in eight directions (from -45° to 270° in 45° steps) for 2 s in a wild-type mouse (left) and a Pcdh-α1,12 mouse (right). C) Cumulative distributions of the orientation selectivity index (OSI, left) and direction selectivity index (DSI, right) of neurons obtained from three wild-type mice and three Pcdh-α1,12 mice. The OSI was obtained from1698 and 1342 neurons, respectively. The DSI was obtained from 365 and 302 neurons with an OSI > 0.45, respectively. There was no significant difference in the cumulative distribution of the OSI or DSI between wild-type and Pcdhα1,12 mice. Source: <strong>Molecular diversity of clustered protocadherin-α required for sensory integration and short-term memory in mice </strong>by Yamagishi et al., <em>Scientific Reports</em>, June 2018.
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Catalog Number21130
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Additional ordering information
Telephone1-408-733-1055
Fax1-408-733-1304
Emailsales@aatbio.com
InternationalSee distributors
ShippingStandard overnight for United States, inquire for international
Physical properties
Dissociation constant (Kd, nM)320
Molecular weight1102.95
SolventDMSO
Spectral properties
Excitation (nm)493
Emission (nm)515
Quantum yield0.751
Storage, safety and handling
H-phraseH303, H313, H333
Hazard symbolXN
Intended useResearch Use Only (RUO)
R-phraseR20, R21, R22
StorageFreeze (< -15 °C); Minimize light exposure
UNSPSC12352200
Direct upgrades
Calbryte™ 520 AM

OverviewpdfSDSpdfProtocol


Molecular weight
1102.95
Dissociation constant (Kd, nM)
320
Excitation (nm)
493
Emission (nm)
515
Quantum yield
0.751
Cal-520® AM provides a robust homogeneous fluorescence-based assay tool for detecting intracellular calcium mobilization. Cal-520® AM is a new fluorogenic calcium-sensitive dye with a significantly improved signal to noise ratio and intracellular retention compared to the existing green calcium indicators (such as Fluo-3 AM and Fluo-4 AM). Cells expressing a GPCR or calcium channel of interest that signals through calcium can be preloaded with Cal-520® AM which can cross cell membrane. Once inside the cell, the lipophilic blocking groups of Cal-520™ AM are cleaved by esterases, resulting in a negatively charged fluorescent dye that stays inside cells. Its fluorescence is greatly enhanced upon binding to calcium. When cells stimulated with agonists, the receptor signals the release of intracellular calcium, which significantly increase the fluorescence of Cal-520®. The characteristics of its long wavelength, high sensitivity, and >100 times fluorescence enhancement, make Cal-520® AM an ideal indicator for the measurement of cellular calcium. The high S/N ratio and better intracellular retention make the Cal-520® calcium assay a robust tool for evaluating GPCR and calcium channel targets as well as for screening their agonists and antagonists.

Platform


Fluorescence microscope

ExcitationFITC
EmissionFITC
Recommended plateBlack wall/clear bottom

Fluorescence microplate reader

Excitation490
Emission525
Cutoff515
Recommended plateBlack wall/clear bottom
Instrument specification(s)Bottom read mode/Programmable liquid handling

Example protocol


PREPARATION OF STOCK SOLUTIONS

Unless otherwise noted, all unused stock solutions should be divided into single-use aliquots and stored at -20 °C after preparation. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

Cal-520® AM Stock Solution
Prepare a 2 to 5 mM stock solution of Cal-520® AM in high-quality, anhydrous DMSO.   

PREPARATION OF WORKING SOLUTION

Cal-520® AM Working Solution
On the day of the experiment, either dissolve Cal-520® AM in DMSO or thaw an aliquot of the indicator stock solution to room temperature. Prepare a dye working solution of 2 to 20 µM in a buffer of your choice (e.g., Hanks and Hepes buffer) with 0.04% Pluronic® F-127. For most cell lines, Cal-520® AM at a final concentration of 4-5 μM is recommended. The exact concentration of indicators required for cell loading must be determined empirically.
Note     The nonionic detergent Pluronic® F-127 is sometimes used to increase the aqueous solubility of Cal-520® AM. A variety of Pluronic® F-127 solutions can be purchased from AAT Bioquest.
Note     If your cells contain organic anion-transporters, probenecid (1-2 mM) may be added to the dye working solution (final in well concentration will be 0.5-1 mM) to reduce leakage of the de-esterified indicators. A variety of ReadiUse™ probenecid products, including water-soluble, sodium salt, and stabilized solution, can be purchased from AAT Bioquest.

SAMPLE EXPERIMENTAL PROTOCOL

Following is our recommended protocol for loading AM esters into live cells. This protocol only provides a guideline and should be modified according to your specific needs.
  1. Prepare cells in growth medium overnight.
  2. On the next day, add 1X Cal-520® AM working solution into your cell plate.
    Note     If your compound(s) interfere with the serum, replace the growth medium with fresh HHBS buffer before dye-loading.
  3. Incubate the dye-loaded plate in a cell incubator at 37 °C for 1 to 2 hours.
    Note     Incubating the dye for longer than 2 hours can improve signal intensities in certain cell lines.
  4. Replace the dye working solution with HHBS or buffer of your choice (containing an anion transporter inhibitor, such as 1 mM probenecid, if applicable) to remove any excess probes.
  5. Add the stimulant as desired and simultaneously measure fluorescence using either a fluorescence microscope equipped with a FITC filter set or a fluorescence plate reader containing a programmable liquid handling system such as an FDSS, FLIPR, or FlexStation, at Ex/Em = 490/525 nm cutoff 515 nm. 

Calculators


Common stock solution preparation

Table 1. Volume of DMSO needed to reconstitute specific mass of Cal-520®, AM to given concentration. Note that volume is only for preparing stock solution. Refer to sample experimental protocol for appropriate experimental/physiological buffers.

0.1 mg0.5 mg1 mg5 mg10 mg
1 mM90.666 µL453.33 µL906.659 µL4.533 mL9.067 mL
5 mM18.133 µL90.666 µL181.332 µL906.659 µL1.813 mL
10 mM9.067 µL45.333 µL90.666 µL453.33 µL906.659 µL

Molarity calculator

Enter any two values (mass, volume, concentration) to calculate the third.

Mass (Calculate)Molecular weightVolume (Calculate)Concentration (Calculate)Moles
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Spectrum


Open in Advanced Spectrum Viewer
spectrum

Spectral properties

Excitation (nm)493
Emission (nm)515
Quantum yield0.751

Citations


View all 398 citations: Citation Explorer
Glutamate drives ‘local Ca2+ release’in cardiac pacemaker cells
Authors: Xie, Duanyang and Xiong, Ke and Su, Xuling and Wang, Guanghua and Zou, Qicheng and Wang, Luxin and Zhang, Caihong and Cao, Yuting and Shao, Beihua and Zhang, Yixin and others,
Journal: Cell Research (2022): 1--12
Spontaneous thalamic activity modulates the cortical innervation of the primary visual nucleus of the thalamus
Authors: Moreno-Juan, Ver{\'o}nica and An{\'\i}bal-Mart{\'\i}nez, Mar and Herrero-Navarro, {\'A}lvaro and Valdeolmillos, Miguel and Martini, Francisco J and L{\'o}pez-Bendito, Guillermina
Journal: Neuroscience (2022)
Impact of R-Carvedilol on $\beta$2-Adrenergic Receptor-Mediated Spontaneous Calcium Release in Human Atrial Myocytes
Authors: Casabella-Ram{\'o}n, Sergi and Jim{\'e}nez-S{\'a}bado, Ver{\'o}nica and Tarifa, Carmen and Casellas, Sandra and Lu, Tien Tina and Izquierdo-Castro, Paloma and Gich, Ignasi and Jim{\'e}nez, Marcel and Ginel, Antonino and Guerra, Jos{\'e} M and others,
Journal: Biomedicines (2022): 1759
Metabolic adaptation to the chronic loss of Ca2+ signaling induced by KO of IP3 receptors or the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter
Authors: Young, Michael P and Schug, Zachary T and Booth, David M and Yule, David I and Mikoshiba, Katsuhiko and Hajn{\'o}czky, Gyӧrgy and Joseph, Suresh K
Journal: Journal of Biological Chemistry (2022)
Easy to build cost-effective acute brain slice incubation system for parallel analysis of multiple treatment conditions
Authors: Hupp, Sabrina and Tomov, Nikola Stefanov and Bischoff, Carolin and Baronti, Dario and Iliev, Asparouh I
Journal: Journal of neuroscience methods (2022): 109405
High hydrostatic pressure induces slow contraction in mouse cardiomyocytes
Authors: Yamaguchi, Yohei and Nishiyama, Masayoshi and Kai, Hiroaki and Kaneko, Toshiyuki and Kaihara, Keiko and Iribe, Gentaro and Takai, Akira and Naruse, Keiji and Morimatsu, Masatoshi
Journal: Biophysical Journal (2022)
Molecular Engineering of Pericellular Microniche via Biomimetic Proteoglycans Modulates Cell Mechanobiology
Authors: Kahle, Elizabeth R and Han, Biao and Chandrasekaran, Prashant and Phillips, Evan R and Mulcahey, Mary K and Lu, X Lucas and Marcolongo, Michele S and Han, Lin
Journal: ACS nano (2022)
Recurrent moderate hypoglycemia accelerates the progression of cognitive deficits through impairment of TRPC6/GLUT3 pathway in diabetic APP/PS1 mice
Authors: He, Chengkang and Li, Qiang and Cui, Yuanting and Gao, Peng and Shu, WenTao and Zhou, Qing and Wang, Lijuan and Li, Li and Lu, Zongshi and Zhao, Yu and others,
Journal: JCI insight (2022)
Functional Determination of Calcium Binding Sites Required for the Activation of Inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate receptors
Authors: Arige, Vikas and Terry, Lara E and Wagner, Larry E and Baker, Mariah R and Fan, Guizhen and Serysheva, Irina I and Yule, David I
Journal: bioRxiv (2022)
Not optimal, just noisy: the geometry of correlated variability leads to highly suboptimal sensory coding
Authors: Livezey, Jesse A and Sachdeva, Pratik Singh and Dougherty, Maximilian E and Summers, Mathew T and Bouchard, Kristofer E
Journal: bioRxiv (2022)

References


View all 72 references: Citation Explorer
Measurement and simulation of myoplasmic calcium transients in mouse slow-twitch muscle fibres
Authors: Hollingworth S, Kim MM, Baylor SM.
Journal: J Physiol (2012): 575
Mononucleated and binucleated cardiomyocytes in left atrium and pulmonary vein have different electrical activity and calcium dynamics
Authors: Huang CF, Chen YC, Yeh HI, Chen SA.
Journal: Prog Biophys Mol Biol (2012): 64
A near-infrared fluorescent calcium probe: a new tool for intracellular multicolour Ca2+ imaging
Authors: Matsui A, Umezawa K, Shindo Y, Fujii T, Citterio D, Oka K, Suzuki K.
Journal: Chem Commun (Camb) (2011): 10407
Application of fluorescent indicators to analyse intracellular calcium and morphology in filamentous fungi
Authors: Nair R, Raina S, Keshavarz T, Kerrigan MJ.
Journal: Fungal Biol (2011): 326
Caveats and limitations of plate reader-based high-throughput kinetic measurements of intracellular calcium levels
Authors: Heusinkveld HJ, Westerink RH.
Journal: Toxicol Appl Pharmacol (2011): 1
Intermediate-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels participate in neurovascular coupling
Authors: Longden TA, Dunn KM, Draheim HJ, Nelson MT, Weston AH, Edwards G.
Journal: Br J Pharmacol (2011): 922
Nanoneedle transistor-based sensors for the selective detection of intracellular calcium ions
Authors: Son D, Park SY, Kim B, Koh JT, Kim TH, An S, Jang D, Kim GT, Jhe W, Hong S.
Journal: ACS Nano (2011): 3888
Ethanol alters calcium signaling in axonal growth cones
Authors: Mah SJ, Fleck MW, Lindsley TA.
Journal: Neuroscience (2011): 384
Effects of conformational peptide probe DP4 on bidirectional signaling between DHPR and RyR1 calcium channels in voltage-clamped skeletal muscle fibers
Authors: Olojo RO, Hern and ez-Ochoa EO, Ikemoto N, Schneider MF.
Journal: Biophys J (2011): 2367
Dextran-coated silica nanoparticles for calcium-sensing
Authors: Schulz A, Woolley R, Tabarin T, McDonagh C.
Journal: Analyst (2011): 1722