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Cell Meter™ Fixed Cell and Tissue TUNEL Apoptosis Assay Kit *Blue Fluorescence*

<strong>Fluorescence </strong><strong>images of TUNEL assay </strong><strong>with  </strong><strong>HeLa cells. </strong>  <br>HeLa cells were fixed and treated with or without DNAse for 60 mins at 37 °C. The cells were then stained with Cell Meter™ Fixed Cell and Tissue TUNEL Apoptosis Assay Kit. DNA strand breaks showed intense fluorescent staining in DNAse treated cells. The signal was acquired with fluorescence microscope using Violet filter set.
<strong>Fluorescence </strong><strong>images of TUNEL assay </strong><strong>with  </strong><strong>HeLa cells. </strong>  <br>HeLa cells were fixed and treated with or without DNAse for 60 mins at 37 °C. The cells were then stained with Cell Meter™ Fixed Cell and Tissue TUNEL Apoptosis Assay Kit. DNA strand breaks showed intense fluorescent staining in DNAse treated cells. The signal was acquired with fluorescence microscope using Violet filter set.
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Catalog Number22857
Unit Size
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Telephone1-408-733-1055
Fax1-408-733-1304
Emailsales@aatbio.com
InternationalSee distributors
ShippingStandard overnight for United States, inquire for international
Spectral properties
Correction Factor (260 nm)0.14
Correction Factor (280 nm)0.12
Excitation (nm)411
Emission (nm)472
Storage, safety and handling
H-phraseH303, H313, H333
Hazard symbolXN
Intended useResearch Use Only (RUO)
R-phraseR20, R21, R22
UNSPSC12171501
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OverviewpdfSDSpdfProtocol


Correction Factor (260 nm)
0.14
Correction Factor (280 nm)
0.12
Excitation (nm)
411
Emission (nm)
472
Cell Meter™ TUNEL apoptosis assay kit provides a robust tool for conveniently detecting apoptosis caused by DNA fragmentation. The assay is non-radioactive and rapid. The TUNEL assay uses the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) to catalyze the incorporation of DEAC-dUTP at the free 3’-hydroxyl ends of the fragmented DNAs. The resulted DEAC-labeled DNAs are analyzed by fluorescence microscopy (AMC filter set). Its blue emission can be conveniently multiplexed with GFP labelled targets. Direct incorporation of fluorescent DEAC-labeled nucleotides significantly reduces the number of test steps. The kit is optimized to detect apoptosis in fixed cells and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections.

Platform


Flow cytometer

Excitation405 nm laser
Emission525/50 nm filter
Instrument specification(s)Pacific Orange channel

Fluorescence microscope

ExcitationViolet filter set
EmissionViolet filter set
Recommended plateBlack wall/clear bottom

Components


Component A: TdT enzyme1 vial (12.5 µL)
Component B: DEAC-dUTP1 vial (12.5 µL)
Component C: CoCl2 solution1 vial (125 µL)
Component D: TdT Reaction Buffer1 vial (1.2 mL)

Example protocol


AT A GLANCE

Protocol summary
  1. Treat samples as desired
  2. Fix cells with 4% formaldehyde solution for 30 minutes on ice
  3. Permeabilize cells with 70% ice-cold ethanol for 60 minutes on ice
  4. Add TdT staining solution to samples and incubate for 60 minutes at 37 °C
  5. Monitor the fluorescence intensity using fluorescence microscopy with Violet filter set 

Important
Bring all the kit components at room temperature before starting the experiment.

PREPARATION OF WORKING SOLUTION

TdT staining solution
For one test, Mix the following to make a total volume of 51 µL;
45 µL TdT Reaction Buffer (Component D)
5 µL CoCl2 (Component C)
0.5 µL DEAC-dUTP (Component B)
0.5 µL TdT enzyme (Component A).
Note     TdT staining solution should be used promptly.

SAMPLE EXPERIMENTAL PROTOCOL

Protocol for cells staining
The following protocol can be used as a guideline and should be optimized according to the needs.
  1. Treat your samples as desired.
  2. Wash the samples with buffer of your choice such as PBS containing Ca+2 and Mg+2.
  3. Fix the samples by adding 100 µL of 4% paraformaldehyde in PBS and incubate the samples for 30 minutes on ice.
  4. Remove fixation solution and wash samples with PBS.
  5. Add 100 µL of 70% of ice cold ethanol to samples and incubate the samples for 60 minutes on ice.
    Note     Samples can be stored at -20 °C at this step for several days before use.
  6. Remove alcohol and wash cells with PBS.
    Note     For a positive control, incubate fixed samples with 2-5 µg/mL of DNAse in PBS containing Ca+2 and Mg+2 for 60 minutes at 37 °C. Remove the DNAse and wash cells thoroughly and continue with the rest of the protocol
  7. Add 50 µL of TdT staining solution to the samples and incubate for 60 to 120 minutes at 37 °C.
  8. Remove TdT working solution and wash samples with PBS.
  9. Resuspend the samples in PBS and monitor the fluorescence intensity with flow cytometer using 525/50 nm filter (Pacific Orange channel) or fluorescence microscope with Violet filter set. 

Protocol for tissue staining
The following protocol can be used as a guideline and should be optimized according to the needs.
Deparaffinization and rehydration protocol
  1. Deparaffinize tissue sections (attached to the microscopic slides) by immersing slides in fresh xylene in a Coplin jar for 5 minutes at room temperature. Repeat one more time. (Total 2 washes)
  2. Wash the samples by immersing the slides in 100% ethanol for 5 minutes at room temperature in a Coplin jar.
  3. Rehydrate the samples by immersing the slides through various concentrations of alcohol subsequently (100, 95, 85, 70, 50%) for 5 minutes each at room temperature
  4. Wash the samples by immersing the slides in 0.85% NaCl for 5 minutes at room temperature.
  5. Wash the samples by immersing the slides in PBS for 5 minutes at room temperature. Repeat one more wash. (Total 2 washes) 
Fixation protocol
  1. Fix the tissue sections by immersing slides in 4% paraformaldehyde solution in PBS for 15-20 minutes at room temperature.
  2. Wash the samples by immersing the slides in PBS for 5 minutes at room temperature. Repeat one more wash. (Total 2 washes)
  3. Remove the liquid and place the slides on a flat surface. Treat tissue sections with 100 µL of 20 µg/mL Proteinase K solution. Add enough to cover the entire tissue surface. Incubate slides for 10 minutes at room temperature.
  4. Wash the samples by immersing the slides in PBS for 5 minutes at room temperature.
  5. Fix the tissue sections by immersing slides in 4% paraformaldehyde solution in PBS for 15-20 minutes at room temperature.
  6. Wash the samples by immersing the slides in PBS for 5 minutes at room temperature. Repeat one more wash. (Total 2 washes) 
Staining protocol
  1. Optional: For a positive control, incubate fixed samples with 2-5 µg/mL of DNAse in PBS containing Ca+2 and Mg+2 for 60 minutes at 37 °C. Remove the DNAse and wash cells thoroughly with PBS and continue with the rest of the protocol.
  2. Add 50 µL of TdT staining solution to the samples and incubate for 60 to 120 minutes at 37 °C.
  3. Remove TdT working solution and wash samples with PBS.
  4. Add mounting medium and monitor the fluorescence intensity fluorescence microscope with Violet filter set. 

Spectrum


Open in Advanced Spectrum Viewer
spectrum

Spectral properties

Correction Factor (260 nm)0.14
Correction Factor (280 nm)0.12
Excitation (nm)411
Emission (nm)472

Product family


NameExcitation (nm)Emission (nm)Extinction coefficient (cm -1 M -1)Correction Factor (260 nm)Correction Factor (280 nm)
Cell Meter™ Fixed Cell and Tissue TUNEL Apoptosis Assay Kit *Green Fluorescence*4985178000010.320.275
Cell Meter™ Fixed Cell and Tissue TUNEL Apoptosis Assay Kit *Red Fluorescence*5445701000000.270.34
Cell Meter™ Fixed Cell and Tissue TUNEL Apoptosis Assay Kit *Deep Red Fluorescence*649664250000-0.027

Citations


View all 3 citations: Citation Explorer
Inhibition of lung microbiota-derived proapoptotic peptides ameliorates acute exacerbation of pulmonary fibrosis
Authors: D’Alessandro-Gabazza, Corina N and Yasuma, Taro and Kobayashi, Tetsu and Toda, Masaaki and Abdel-Hamid, Ahmed M and Fujimoto, Hajime and Hataji, Osamu and Nakahara, Hiroki and Takeshita, Atsuro and Nishihama, Kota and others,
Journal: Nature communications (2022): 1--23
Protection of propofol on liver ischemia reperfusion injury by regulating Cyp2b10/Cyp3a25 pathway
Authors: Wu, Jinli and Yu, Chao and Zeng, Xianggang and Xu, Yini and Sun, Chengyi
Journal: Tissue and Cell (2022): 101891
Exosomes Derived from M2 Macrophages Exert a Therapeutic Effect via Inhibition of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR Pathway in Rats with Knee Osteoarthritic
Authors: Da-Wa, Zha Xi and Jun, Ma and Chao-Zheng, Liu and Sen-Lin, Yang and Chuan, Lu and De-Chun, Li and Zu-Nan, Dong and Hong-Tao, Zhao and Shu-Qing, Wei and Xian-Wei, Pei and others,
Journal: BioMed Research International (2021)

References


View all 4 references: Citation Explorer
Complement C3 participates in the function and mechanism of traumatic brain injury at simulated high altitude.
Authors: Wei, Linjie and Zhang, Jianbo and Zhang, Bo and Geng, Junjun and Tan, Qiang and Wang, Ling and Chen, Zhi and Feng, Hua and Zhu, Gang
Journal: Brain research (2020): 146423
[Effect of qihong capsule in inhibiting cell apoptosis induced by Coxsackie virus B].
Authors: Song, Xiao-dong and Wang, Lun and Ji, Bo
Journal: Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medici (2005): 511-5
Dual excitation multi- fluorescence flow cytometry for detailed analyses of viability and apoptotic cell transition.
Authors: Mazzini, G and Ferrari, C and Erba, E
Journal: European journal of histochemistry : EJH (2003): 289-98
Combined TUNEL and double immunofluorescent labeling for detection of apoptotic mononuclear phagocytes in autoimmune demyelinating disease.
Authors: Ray, S K and Schaecher, K E and Shields, D C and Hogan, E L and Banik, N L
Journal: Brain research. Brain research protocols (2000): 305-11