ReadiUse™ Preactivated PE

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<p>Our preactivated PE was premodified with our Buccutite™ FOL (provided). Your antibody (or other proteins) is modified with our Buccutite™ MTA (provided as free sample) to give MTA-modified protein (such as antibody). The MTA-modified protein readily reacts with FOL-modified PE (provided) to give the desired PE-antibody conjugate in much higher yield than the SMCC chemistry. In addition our preactivated PE reacts with MTA-modified biopolymers at much lower concentrations than the SMCC chemistry.</p>
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Unit Size: Cat No: Price (USD): Qty:
1 mg 2560 $295


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Additional Ordering Information
Telephone: 1-800-990-8053
Fax: 1-408-733-1304
Email: sales@aatbio.com
International: See distributors





Overview

Ex/Em (nm)564/574
SolventWater
Storage Refrigerated (2-4 °C)
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Category Protein-Based Tags
Phycobiliproteins
Related Protein Dyes
R-Phycoerythrin (PE) is isolated from red algae. Its primary absorption peak is at 565 nm with secondary peaks at 496 and 545 nm. AAT Bioquest offers this preactivated PE to facilitate the PE conjugations to antibodies and other proteins such as streptavidin and other secondary reagents. Our preactivated PE is ready to conjugate, giving much higher yield than the conventionally tedious SMCC-based conjugation chemistry. In addition, our preactivated PE is conjugated to a protein via its amino group that is abundant in proteins while SMCC chemistry targets the thiol group that has to be regenerated by the reduction of antibodies.




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Protocol


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This protocol only provides a guideline, and should be modified according to your specific needs.
At a glance

Important notes
PE was premodified with our Buccutite™ FOL. Your antibody (or other proteins) is modified with our Buccutite™ MTA to give MTA-modified protein. The MTA-modified protein readily reacts with FOL-modified PE (provided) to give the desired PE-antibody conjugate.

Sample experimental protocol

Preparation of pre-activated Antibody with Buccutite™ MTA 

  1. Reconstitute Buccutite™ MTA in DMSO at ~10 mg/mL. Note: Store unused MTA at -20°C; it can be used for up to two freeze and thaw cycles.

  2. Prepare target antibody (Ab) in pH = 8.5 - 9.0 buffer at a concentration above 1 mg/ml.

  3. Add the MTA to Ab solution at the ratio of 8 - 10 µg MTA/100 µg Ab.

  4. Mix well and react at room temperature for 60 minutes, rotating during the reaction.

  5. Purify the reaction mixture with a desalting column to remove any unreacted MTA. Exchange the buffer to PBS or another buffer of your choice.

  6. Collect the MTA-activated Ab. Estimate the concentration by 70% yield of the original starting amount.

Conjugate with Pre-activated PE

  1. Reconstitute pre-activated PE in 100 µL ddH2O to 10mg/mL. Note: Reconstituted pre-activated PE is not stable and can not be stored for more than one month.

  2. Add pre-activated PE directly to MTA-activated target Ab solution at the ratio of 300 µg PE/100 µg MTA-activated Ab.

  3. Rotate the mixture for 1 - 2 hours at room temperature.

  4. The Ab/PE conjugates are now ready to use. The antibody conjugate should be stored at >0.5 mg/mL in the presence of a carrier protein (e.g., 0.1% bovine serum albumin) and 0.02-0.05% sodium azide. The Ab/PE can be stored at 4°C for two months.

  5. Optional: Ab/PE can be further purified through size exclusion chromatography to get better performance. 
Example data analysis and figures

Figure 1.

Our preactivated PE was premodified with our Buccutite™ FOL (provided). Your antibody (or other proteins) is modified with our Buccutite™ MTA (provided as free sample) to give MTA-modified protein (such as antibody). The MTA-modified protein readily reacts with FOL-modified PE (provided) to give the desired PE-antibody conjugate in much higher yield than the SMCC chemistry. In addition our preactivated PE reacts with MTA-modified biopolymers at much lower concentrations than the SMCC chemistry.

Disclaimer
AAT Bioquest provides high-quality reagents and materials for research use only. For proper handling of potentially hazardous chemicals, please consult the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) provided for the product. Chemical analysis and/or reverse engineering of any kit or its components is strictly prohibited without written permission from AAT Bioquest. Please call 408-733-1055 or email info@aatbio.com if you have any questions.





References

Chromophore attachment to phycobiliprotein beta-subunits: phycocyanobilin:cysteine-beta84 phycobiliprotein lyase activity of CpeS-like protein from Anabaena Sp. PCC7120
Authors: Zhao KH, Su P, Li J, Tu JM, Zhou M, Bubenzer C, Scheer H.
Journal: J Biol Chem (2006): 8573

Excitation energy transfer from phycobiliprotein to chlorophyll d in intact cells of Acaryochloris marina studied by time- and wavelength-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy
Authors: Petrasek Z, Schmitt FJ, Theiss C, Huyer J, Chen M, Larkum A, Eichler HJ, Kemnitz K, Eckert HJ.
Journal: Photochem Photobiol Sci (2005): 1016

Single-molecule spectroscopy selectively probes donor and acceptor chromophores in the phycobiliprotein allophycocyanin
Authors: Loos D, Cotlet M, De Schryver F, Habuchi S, Hofkens J.
Journal: Biophys J (2004): 2598

Evaluation of Tolypothrix germplasm for phycobiliprotein content
Authors: Prasanna R, Prasanna BM, Mohammadi SA, Singh PK.
Journal: Folia Microbiol (Praha) (2003): 59

Isolation and characterisation of phycobiliprotein rich mutant of cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp
Authors: Prasanna R, Dhar DW, Dominic TK, Tiwari ON, Singh PK.
Journal: Acta Biol Hung (2003): 113

Co-ordinated expression of phycobiliprotein operons in the chromatically adapting cyanobacterium Calothrix PCC 7601: a role for RcaD and RcaG
Authors: Noubir S, Luque I, Ochoa de Alda JA, Perewoska I, Tandeau de Marsac N, Cobley JG, Houmard J.
Journal: Mol Microbiol (2002): 749

Phycobiliprotein genes of the marine photosynthetic prokaryote Prochlorococcus: evidence for rapid evolution of genetic heterogeneity
Authors: Ting CS, Rocap G, King J, Chisholm SW.
Journal: Microbiology (2001): 3171

Novel activity of a phycobiliprotein lyase: both the attachment of phycocyanobilin and the isomerization to phycoviolobilin are catalyzed by the proteins PecE and PecF encoded by the phycoerythrocyanin operon
Authors: Zhao KH, Deng MG, Zheng M, Zhou M, Parbel A, Storf M, Meyer M, Strohmann B, Scheer H.
Journal: FEBS Lett (2000): 9

Phycobiliprotein-Fab conjugates as probes for single particle fluorescence imaging
Authors: Triantafilou K, Triantafilou M, Wilson KM.
Journal: Cytometry (2000): 226

[Phycobiliprotein and fluorescence immunological assay]
Authors: Wu P.
Journal: Sheng Li Ke Xue Jin Zhan (2000): 82


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