What are the stages of enzyme-catalyzed reaction?
Posted May 19, 2023
Enzyme-catalyzed reactions occur over the following stages:
- The active site of enzyme and the substrate come in close proximity to each other.
- The substrate binds to the enzyme at a specially-shaped area known as the active site. Enzymes are extremely specific and do not bind with just any molecule. They only bind with a substrate that fits snugly into the active site.
- On binding with the substrate, the enzymes alter their shape to fit more tightly around the substrate. The substrate is broken down or combined with other molecules to create a new product called an enzyme-substrate complex.
- The enzyme then releases the product of the reaction and returns to its original shape. It is now free and ready to bind to another molecule of substrate.