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AAT Bioquest

Indocyanine Green (ICG)

ICG-Sulfo-OSu
The chemical structure of ICG-Sulfo-OSu (Cat# 180).
Indocyanine green (ICG) is a cyanine dye used in medical diagnostics. It is used for determining cardiac output, hepatic function, liver blood flow, and ophthalmic angiography. It has a peak spectral absorption close to 800 nm. These infrared frequencies penetrate retinal layers, allowing ICG angiography to image deeper patterns of circulation than fluorescein angiography. ICG binds tightly to plasma proteins and becomes confined to the vascular system. ICG has a half-life of 150 to 180 seconds and is removed from circulation exclusively by the liver to bile juice. A recent study indicated ICG targets atheromas within 20 minutes after injection and provides sufficient signal enhancement for in vivo detection of lipid-rich, inflamed, coronary-sized plaques in atherosclerotic rabbits. Ex vivo fluorescence reflectance imaging showed high plaque target-to-background ratios in atheroma-bearing rabbits injected with ICG compared to atheroma-bearing rabbits injected with saline. This amino-reactive ICG derivative is used to make ICG bioconjugates with antibodies and other biological molecules. It has moderate water solubility.
 

Table 1. Indocyanine Green Ordering Information

Cat No.
Product Name
Ex (nm)
Em (nm)
Unit Size
181ICG-ATT [3-ICG-acyl-1,3-thiazolidine-2-thione]7808001 mg
180ICG-Sulfo-OSu 7808001 mg