AAT Bioquest

What are the similarities between prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

Posted May 13, 2022


Despite their many differences, prokaryotes and eukaryotes have a few features in common. Both prokaryotes and eukaryotes have these features in common: 

  • Cell membrane 
  • Cytoplasm
  • DNA as the genetic material – in prokaryotes it is circular and dispersed in the cell, whereas in eukaryotes it is linear and secured in the nucleus.
  • Ribosomes – prokaryotes have smaller 70s ribosomes, whereas eukaryotes have larger 80s ribosomes.
  • Similar basic metabolism
Additional resources

Multi-Scale Modeling of Chromosomal DNA in Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

Membrane Potential and Channels