What are the differences between plant and animal tissue culture?
Posted December 3, 2020
The following table outlines the major differences between plant and animal tissue culture:
|Plant Tissue Culture
|Animal Tissue Culture
|A technique used to maintain or grow plant cells, tissues or organs under aseptic conditions on a culture medium.
|An in vitro technique in which a sample cell, tissue or organ is cultivated from a parent organism and grown artificially in a controlled environment (e.g. incubator and culture medium)
|Require a limited number of nutrients for growth
|Requires a wide range of nutrients for growth (e.g carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, etc.)
|Can differentiate into any type of plant cell
|Can only perform the specialized functions of the organ from which the sample was cultivated
|Can undergo an unlimited number of cell cycles
|Undergoes a finite number of cell cycles before they begin to degrade.
|Can be divided into three main categories: callus culture, protoplast culture and embryo culture
|Can be divided into two main categories: adherent cultures and suspension cultures