AAT Bioquest

What cellular components are common to prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells?

Posted November 21, 2022


All cells, whether prokaryotic or eukaryotic, have these cellular components in common: 

  1. DNA, which is the genetic material of the cell
  2. Cell membrane or plasma membrane, which is the outermost covering that envelopes the cell completely, shielding the interior components of the cell from the surrounding environment
  3. Cytoplasm, a jelly-like aqueous region within the cell in which other cellular components and organelles lie embedded 
  4. Ribosomes, which play an integral role in protein synthesis 
Additional resources

Structural comparison of prokaryotic and eukaryotic chaperonins

Plasma Membrane

Cell Structures and Organelles

Cell Navigator® Cell Plasma Membrane Staining Kit *Green Fluorescence*