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Cell Meter™ JC-10 Mitochondrion Membrane Potential Assay Kit *Optimized for Microplate Assays*

Campotothecin-induced mitochondria membrane potential changes were measured with JC-10™ and JC-1 in Jurkat cells. After Jurkat cells were treated with camptothecin (10 µM) for 4 hours, JC-1 and JC-10™ dye working solutions were added to the wells and incubated for 30 minutes. The fluorescence intensities for both J-aggregates (highlighted in blue) and monomeric forms (highlighted in red) of JC-1 and JC-10™ were measured at Ex/Em = 490/525 nm (Cutoff = 515 nm) and 490/590 nm  (Cutoff = 570 nm) with NOVOstar microplate reader (BMG Labtech).
Campotothecin-induced mitochondria membrane potential changes were measured with JC-10™ and JC-1 in Jurkat cells. After Jurkat cells were treated with camptothecin (10 µM) for 4 hours, JC-1 and JC-10™ dye working solutions were added to the wells and incubated for 30 minutes. The fluorescence intensities for both J-aggregates (highlighted in blue) and monomeric forms (highlighted in red) of JC-1 and JC-10™ were measured at Ex/Em = 490/525 nm (Cutoff = 515 nm) and 490/590 nm  (Cutoff = 570 nm) with NOVOstar microplate reader (BMG Labtech).
Ordering information
Price ()
Catalog Number22800
Unit Size
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Additional ordering information
Telephone1-408-733-1055
Fax1-408-733-1304
Emailsales@aatbio.com
InternationalSee distributors
ShippingStandard overnight for United States, inquire for international
Spectral properties
Excitation (nm)508
Emission (nm)524
Storage, safety and handling
H-phraseH303, H313, H333
Hazard symbolXN
Intended useResearch Use Only (RUO)
R-phraseR20, R21, R22
UNSPSC12352200
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OverviewpdfSDSpdfProtocol


Excitation (nm)
508
Emission (nm)
524
Although JC-1 is widely used in many labs, its poor water solubility makes it hard to use for some applications. Even at 1 µM concentration, JC-1 tends to precipitate in aqueous buffer. JC-10 has been developed to be a superior alternative to JC-1 where high dye concentration is desired. Compared to JC-1, our JC-10 has much better water solubility. JC-10 is capable of entering selectively into mitochondria, and changes reversibly its color from green to orange as membrane potentials increase. This property is due to the reversible formation of JC-10 aggregates upon membrane polarization that causes shifts in emitted light from 520 nm (i.e., emission of JC-10 monomeric form) to 570 nm (i.e., emission of J-aggregate). When excited at 490 nm, the color of JC-10 changes reversibly from green to greenish orange as the mitochondrial membrane becomes more polarized. This Cell Meter™ JC-10 Mitochondrial Membrane Potential Assay Kit enable you to monitor mitochondrial membrane potential changes using a simple microplate reader while all the other commercial JC-1 assay kits require the use of a flow cytometer. Our kit provides the most robust method to monitor mitochondrial membrane potential changes, and can be readily used for screening a large compound library.

Platform


Fluorescence microplate reader

Excitation490/540 nm
Emission525/590 nm
Cutoff515/570 nm
Recommended plateBlack wall/clear bottom
Instrument specification(s)Bottom read mode

Components


Component A: 100X JC-10 in DMSO1 vial (250 µL)
Component B: Assay Buffer A1 bottle (25 mL)
Component C: Assay Buffer B1 bottle (25 mL)

Example protocol


AT A GLANCE

Protocol summary

  1. Prepare cells
  2. Add test compounds
  3. Add JC-10 dye-working solution (50 µL/well/96-well plate or 12.5 µL/well/384-well plate) 
  4. Incubate at 37°C, 5% CO2 incubator for 30 to 60 minutes
  5. Add Assay Buffer B (50 µL/well/96-well plate or 12.5 µL/well/384-well plate)
  6. Monitor fluorescence intensities (bottom read mode) at Ex/Em = 490/525 nm (Cutoff = 515 nm) and 540/590 nm (Cutoff = 570 nm)

Important notes
Thaw all the kit components at room temperature before starting the experiment.

PREPARATION OF WORKING SOLUTION

Add 50 µL of 100X JC-10 (Component A) into 5 mL of Assay Buffer A (Component B) and mix well to make JC-10 dye-working solution. Protect from light.

For guidelines on cell sample preparation, please visit
https://www.aatbio.com/resources/guides/cell-sample-preparation.html

SAMPLE EXPERIMENTAL PROTOCOL

  1. Treat cells by adding 10 µL of 10X test compounds (96-well plate) or 5 µL of 5X test compounds (384-plate) into the desired buffer (such as PBS or HHBS). Note: It is not necessary to wash cells before adding compound. However, if tested compounds are serum sensitive, growth medium and serum factors can be aspirated away before adding compounds. Add the same volume of HHBS into the wells (such as 90 µL for a 96-well plate or 20 µL for a 384-well plate) after aspiration. Alternatively, cells can be grown in serum-free media.

  2. Incubate the cell plate at room temperature or in a 37°C, 5% CO2 incubator for at least 15 minutes or a desired period of time (for Jurkat cells, 4 - 6 hours with camptothecin or 3 - 5 hours with staurosporine treatment) to induce apoptosis.

  3. Add 50 µL/well (96-well plate) or 12.5 µL/well (384-well plate) of JC-10 dye-working solution into the cell plate.

  4. Incubate the plate in a 37°C, 5% CO2 incubator for 30 - 60 minutes, protected from light. Note: The appropriate incubation time depends on the individual cell type and cell concentration used. Optimize the incubation time for each experiment.

  5. Add 50 µL/well (96-well plate) or 12.5 µL/well (384-well plate) of Assay Buffer B (Component C) into JC-10 dye-working solution plate before reading the fluorescence intensity. Note: DO NOT wash the cells after loading. For non-adherent cells, it is recommended to centrifuge cell plates at 800 rpm for 2 minutes with brake off after adding Assay Buffer B (Component C).

  6. Monitor the fluorescence intensities with a fluorescence microplate reader (bottom read mode) at Ex/Em = 490/525 nm (Cutoff = 515 nm) and 540/590 nm (Cutoff = 570 nm) for ratio analysis.

Spectrum


Open in Advanced Spectrum Viewer
spectrum

Spectral properties

Excitation (nm)508
Emission (nm)524

Citations


View all 54 citations: Citation Explorer
Mitochondria Transfer from Adipose Stem Cells Improves the Developmental Potential of Cryopreserved Oocytes
Authors: Kankanam Gamage, Udayanga Sanath and Hashimoto, Shu and Miyamoto, Yuki and Nakano, Tatsuya and Yamanaka, Masaya and Koike, Akiko and Satoh, Manabu and Morimoto, Yoshiharu
Journal: Biomolecules (2022): 1008
Antineoplastic Effects and Mechanisms of a New RGD Chimeric Peptide from Bullfrog Skin on the Proliferation and Apoptosis of B16F10 Cells
Authors: Jiang, Xuan and Zhang, Xin and Fu, Chao and Zhao, Ruili and Jin, Tianming and Liu, Mengyue and Pan, Chenhao and Li, Liu An and Ma, Jifei and Yu, Enyuan and others,
Journal: The Protein Journal (2021): 1--12
Human VAMP3 Suppresses or Negatively Regulates Bax Induced Apoptosis in Yeast
Authors: Akintade, Damilare D and Chaudhuri, Bhabatosh
Journal: Biomedicines (2021): 95
SIRT3 consolidates heterochromatin and counteracts senescence
Authors: Diao, Zhiqing and Ji, Qianzhao and Wu, Zeming and Zhang, Weiqi and Cai, Yusheng and Wang, Zehua and Hu, Jianli and Liu, Zunpeng and Wang, Qiaoran and Bi, Shijia and others,
Journal: Nucleic acids research (2021): 4203--4219
Inhibition of phosphodiesterase-10A by Papaverine protects human cortical neurons from quinolinic acid induced oxidative stress and synaptic proteins alterations
Authors: Bhat, Abid and Tan, Vanessa and Heng, Benjamin and Essa, Musthafa M and Chidambaram, Saravana B and Guillemin, Gilles J
Journal: bioRxiv (2020)
Apoptosis, Induced by Human $\alpha$-Synuclein in Yeast, Can Occur Independent of Functional Mitochondria
Authors: Akintade, Damilare D and Chaudhuri, Bhabatosh
Journal: Cells (2020): 2203
Activation of TFEB-mediated autophagy by trehalose attenuates mitochondrial dysfunction in cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury
Authors: Zhu, Lingling and Yuan, Yujia and Yuan, Longhui and Li, Lan and Liu, Fei and Liu, Jingping and Chen, Younan and Lu, Yanrong and Cheng, Jingqiu
Journal: Theranostics (2020): 5829
Pregnane steroidogenesis is altered by HIV-1 Tat and morphine: Physiological allopregnanolone is protective against neurotoxic and psychomotor effects
Authors: Paris, Jason J and Liere, Philippe and Kim, Sarah and Mahdi, Fakhri and Buchanan, Meagan E and Nass, Sara R and Qrareya, Alaa N and Salahuddin, Mohammed F and Pianos, Antoine and Fernandez, Ne{\"\i}k{\'e} and others,
Journal: Neurobiology of stress (2020): 100211
Modeling Secondary Iron Overload Cardiomyopathy with Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes
Authors: Rhee, June-Wha and Yi, Hyoju and Thomas, Dilip and Lam, Chi Keung and Belbachir, Nadjet and Tian, Lei and Qin, Xulei and Malisa, Jessica and Lau, Edward and Paik, David T and others,
Journal: Cell Reports (2020): 107886