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AAT Bioquest

Multicolor Analysis of Cell Proliferation Using a New Panel of CytoTell™ Fluorescent Dyes

by Jinfang Liao, Yibo Wu, Zhenjun Diwu, Qin Zhao


Working Principle
CytoTell™ dye working principle. CytoTell™ dye consists of three components: a). fluorescence blocker; b). masked fuorephore; and c). cellretaining moiety. Upon entering live cells, the fluorescence of CytoTell™ dye is released via the removal of fluorescence blocker, and the released fluorephore is retained in cells through the cell-retaining group.
Flow cytometry combined with fluorescent staining is a powerful tool for monitoring cell proliferation studies. Although CFSE is the most popular fluorescent dye, the identical Ex/Em spectra to GFP or FITC make CFSE impossible to be used for GFP cells or the applications where a FITC-labeled antibody is used. The other disadvantages of CFSE include the high background fluorescence and big gap of fluorescence intensity between 1st and 2nd generation of cells. CFSE staining of lymphocytes cannot be measured directly after the cell labeling because the majority of CFSE initially taken up by the cells is not stably incorporated and is lost within the first few days. Normally CFSE analysis on the FACS is performed on day 2.

Emission comparison
Emission comparison of CytoTell™ Blue (Blue), CytoTell™ Green (Green), and CytoTell™ Red (Red) in PBS buffer (pH 7.2).
AAT Bioquest has developed a new panel of multicolor CytoTell™ dyes for multiplexing cell analysis. We report the functional analysis of cell proliferation using the new panel of CytoTell™ dyes. They are chemically similar to CFSE since they contain both an fluorescence-blocking group and a cell-retaining group. They are well excited at major laser lines like 405, 488 or 633 nm with multicolor emissions. They are much more convenient, stable and sensitive than CFSE with multicolor cell analysis for flow cytometry applications.

Table 1. Ordering Information For CytoTell Dyes

Product Name
Ex (nm)
Em (nm)
Unit Size
22251CytoTell™ Blue403454500 Tests
22253CytoTell™ Green511525500 Tests
22240CytoTell™ UltraGreen492519500 Tests
22255CytoTell™ Red 650626643500 Tests
22261CytoTell™ Red 590573588500 Tests
22257CytoTell™ Orange542556500 Tests


Materials and Method

  1. Dye-loading: Jurkat cells (~1×106 cells/mL) was used for proliferation studies. Growth medium was removed. 0.5 ~ 2 µM of CytoTell™ Green, CytoTell™ Blue, CytoTell™ Red, or CFSE in 100 µL of 1X HBSS with 20 mM HEPES were added to cells and dye-loaded at 37°C for 15 to 30 min. Cells were washed twice with buffer, and then resuspend cells in growth medium.
  2. Run the experiments with FACS Calibur flow cytometer (BD, San Jose, CA) equipped with proper filter sets that are compatible with the fluorescent probes.
  3. Cell proliferation assay: Jurkat cells (~1×106 cells/mL) were stained with CytoTell™ Dyes on Day 0. The cells were passed serially at 1:1 ratio at the day specified. Fluorescence intensity was measured by flow cytometer in FL1 or FL4 channel on the day of passage.

Original created on December 3, 2019, last updated on December 3, 2019
Tagged under: Cell Viability, Proliferation & Function